Power factor correction (PFC) is essential for optimizing the efficiency of electrical systems, reducing energy costs, and minimizing losses in power distribution. Several methods are employed to correct the power factor, catering to different applications and requirements. Here’s an in-depth look at various power factor correction methods.

1. Static Power Factor Correction

This is the simplest and most common method of power factor correction. It involves connecting capacitors in parallel with the inductive loads (like motors) in the system. These capacitors counteract the effect of inductance and align the voltage and current waveforms.


  • Easy to implement.
  • Cost-effective.


  • Limited to specific loads.

2. Synchronous Condenser

A synchronous motor, running without any mechanical load and over-excited, can act as a synchronous condenser. This motor draws leading current, offsetting the lagging effect of inductive loads.


  • Adjustable and controllable.
  • Efficient in large power systems.


  • High initial cost.
  • Requires regular maintenance.

3. Phase Advancers

Phase advancers are used mainly for induction motors to draw leading currents, thereby improving the power factor. They are typically connected to the motor shaft, supplying the motor with the additional leading current necessary to create a magnetic field.


  • Enhances motor performance.
  • Reduces the load on the supply system.


  • Suitable only for large motors.
  • Complex setup.

4. Active Power Factor Correction (APFC)

Active PFC employs electronic controllers and uses algorithms to change the waveform of current to align it with the voltage, thus improving the power factor.


  • Highly efficient.
  • Can be used with varying loads.


  • Expensive.
  • Requires technical expertise.

5. Passive Filters

Passive filters are combinations of capacitors and inductors designed to target specific harmonic frequencies. They help in reducing harmonic distortion, which in turn improves the power factor.


  • Effective in reducing harmonics.
  • Relatively simple design.


  • Tuned to specific frequencies.
  • Can cause resonance if not correctly designed.

6. Variable Speed Drives (VSD)

VSDs control the speed of motors, thus aligning the power demand with the actual requirement. This alignment helps in improving the power factor.


  • Energy-saving.
  • Improved process control.


  • Expensive.
  • Might introduce harmonics.


Power factor correction methods are chosen based on the specific needs, costs, and desired efficiency of the electrical system. An accurate understanding of these methods is crucial for energy management and operational efficiency.

For more information on power factor correction and tailored solutions, visit Target Solar’s Power Factor Correction guide. Our expert consultation can help you select the most suitable method for your unique energy needs. Feel free to contact us for a free quotation or personalized assistance.